Flights & Aviation

The Central Zionist Archives holds a rich and diverse collection of posters and handbills from the period of the Yishuv and the early years of the State of Israel. The posters and handbills were displayed on bulletin boards around the cities, and that way messages and information were transferred to the wider public. The posters and handbills were used to address a wide array of subjects: Zionism, settlements, security, art, theater, health and more.

Summer is the most suitable time to fly abroad. Civil flights in Palestine began to operate in the 1930's. Palestine served as a stopover for various airline companies around the world – especially Britain, which carried passengers and mail. Hebrew airlines were established after considerable effort, beginning in the mid-thirties. The main companies in this field were Palestine Airways Ltd. and Aviron. Palestine Airways Ltd was established by Pinhas Rotenberg as a subsidiary of the British company, Imperial Airways, and ceased its operation in 1940 after its planes were expropriated for the War effort by the British Air Force. The Aviron Company was established by Dov Hoz and Yitzhak Ben Ya'akov for internal flights within Palestine and was used for security purposes by the yishuv. Other airlines that were founded during those years were unable to hold out and were closed.

In the field of aviation, the Palestine Aero Club trained youth in flying and was sponsored by the national institutions and the Haganah. Its' graduates joined pilots in the Air Service of the Haganah, which later became the Israeli Air Force. After the establishment of the State of Israel, EL AL Israel Airlines Ltd. began operating flights around the world, while Arkia operated internal flights. Posters of these companies are kept at the Archives and presented in the gallery below. Have a nice flight!