International Women’s Day

The Central Zionist Archives holds a rich and diverse collection of posters and handbills from the period of the Yishuv and the early years of the State of Israel. The posters and handbills were displayed on bulletin boards around the cities, and that way messages and information were transferred to the wider public. The posters and handbills were used to address a wide array of subjects: Zionism, settlements, security, art, theater, health and more.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, various groups began marking International Women’s Day. Socialist groups celebrated this day, which was dedicated to the working woman and originally named “The Working Women’s Day”. The various women's groups also, of course, marked this day in an attempt to promote ideas such as equal rights for women and adequate employment conditions. At first, International Women’s Day was declared an official holiday in the Soviet Union. Then, in 1977, the West also began celebrating the day, after the UN General Assembly declared 8th of March as a day for women’s rights and world peace. Over time, the socialist nature of this holiday changed, and now the celebrations are focused on showing the achievements of women in various fields. The posters below, taken from the CZA Poster Collection, show the character of the working woman.